mindspore.ops.ReduceMean

class mindspore.ops.ReduceMean(keep_dims=False)[source]

Reduces a dimension of a tensor by averaging all elements in the dimension, by default. And also can reduce a dimension of x along the axis. Determine whether the dimensions of the output and input are the same by controlling keep_dims.

Parameters

keep_dims (bool) – If true, keep these reduced dimensions and the length is 1. If false, don’t keep these dimensions. Default: False.

Inputs:
• x (Tensor[Number]) - The input tensor. The dtype of the tensor to be reduced is number. $$(N,*)$$ where $$*$$ means, any number of additional dimensions, its rank should be less than 8.

• axis (Union[int, tuple(int), list(int)]) - The dimensions to reduce. Default: (), reduce all dimensions. Only constant value is allowed. Must be in the range [-rank(x), rank(x)).

Outputs:

Tensor, has the same dtype as the x.

• If axis is (), and keep_dims is False, the output is a 0-D tensor representing the mean of all elements in the input tensor.

• If axis is int, set as 2, and keep_dims is False, the shape of output is $$(x_1, x_3, ..., x_R)$$.

• If axis is tuple(int), set as (2, 3), and keep_dims is False, the shape of output is $$(x_1, x_4, ..., x_R)$$.

Raises
• TypeError – If keep_dims is not a bool.

• TypeError – If x is not a Tensor.

• TypeError – If axis is not one of the following: int, tuple or list.

Supported Platforms:

Ascend GPU CPU

Examples

>>> x = Tensor(np.random.randn(3, 4, 5, 6).astype(np.float32))
>>> op = ops.ReduceMean(keep_dims=True)
>>> output = op(x, 1)
>>> result = output.shape
>>> print(result)
(3, 1, 5, 6)
>>> # case 1: Reduces a dimension by averaging all elements in the dimension.
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([[[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1], [2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2], [3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3]],
...                      [[4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4], [5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5], [6, 6, 6, 6, 6, 6]],
...                      [[7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7], [8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8], [9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9]]]), mindspore.float32)
>>> output = op(x)
>>> print(output)
[[[5.]]]
>>> print(output.shape)
(1, 1, 1)
>>> # case 2: Reduces a dimension along the axis 0
>>> output = op(x, 0)
>>> print(output)
[[[4. 4. 4. 4. 4. 4.]
[5. 5. 5. 5. 5. 5.]
[6. 6. 6. 6. 6. 6.]]]
>>> # case 3: Reduces a dimension along the axis 1
>>> output = op(x, 1)
>>> print(output)
[[[2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2.]]
[[5. 5. 5. 5. 5. 5.]]
[[8. 8. 8. 8. 8. 8.]]]
>>> # case 4: Reduces a dimension along the axis 2
>>> output = op(x, 2)
>>> print(output)
[[[1.       ]
[2.       ]
[3.       ]]
[[4.       ]
[5.       ]
[6.       ]]
[[7.0000005]
[8.       ]
[9.       ]]]