mindspore.nn.probability.distribution.Gamma

class mindspore.nn.probability.distribution.Gamma(concentration=None, rate=None, seed=None, dtype=mstype.float32, name="Gamma")[source]

Gamma distribution.

Parameters
  • concentration (list, numpy.ndarray, Tensor) – The concentration, also know as alpha of the Gamma distribution.

  • rate (list, numpy.ndarray, Tensor) – The rate, also know as beta of the Gamma distribution.

  • seed (int) – The seed used in sampling. The global seed is used if it is None. Default: None.

  • dtype (mindspore.dtype) – The type of the event samples. Default: mstype.float32.

  • name (str) – The name of the distribution. Default: ‘Gamma’.

Supported Platforms:

Ascend

Note

concentration and rate must be greater than zero. dist_spec_args are concentration and rate. dtype must be a float type because Gamma distributions are continuous.

Examples

>>> import mindspore
>>> import mindspore.nn as nn
>>> import mindspore.nn.probability.distribution as msd
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> # To initialize a Gamma distribution of the concentration 3.0 and the rate 4.0.
>>> g1 = msd.Gamma([3.0], [4.0], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> # A Gamma distribution can be initialized without arguments.
>>> # In this case, `concentration` and `rate` must be passed in through arguments.
>>> g2 = msd.Gamma(dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> # Here are some tensors used below for testing
>>> value = Tensor([1.0, 2.0, 3.0], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> concentration_a = Tensor([2.0], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> rate_a = Tensor([2.0, 2.0, 2.0], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> concentration_b = Tensor([1.0], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> rate_b = Tensor([1.0, 1.5, 2.0], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>>
>>> # Private interfaces of probability functions corresponding to public interfaces, including
>>> # `prob`, `log_prob`, `cdf`, `log_cdf`, `survival_function`, and `log_survival`,
>>> # have the same arguments as follows.
>>> # Args:
>>> #     value (Tensor): the value to be evaluated.
>>> #     concentration (Tensor): the concentration of the distribution. Default: self._concentration.
>>> #     rate (Tensor): the rate of the distribution. Default: self._rate.
>>> # Examples of `prob`.
>>> # Similar calls can be made to other probability functions
>>> # by replacing 'prob' by the name of the function
>>> ans = g1.prob(value)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # Evaluate with respect to the distribution b.
>>> ans = g1.prob(value, concentration_b, rate_b)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # `concentration` and `rate` must be passed in during function calls for g2.
>>> ans = g2.prob(value, concentration_a, rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # Functions `mean`, `sd`, `mode`, `var`, and `entropy` have the same arguments.
>>> # Args:
>>> #     concentration (Tensor): the concentration of the distribution. Default: self._concentration.
>>> #     rate (Tensor): the rate of the distribution. Default: self._rate.
>>> # Example of `mean`, `sd`, `mode`, `var`, and `entropy` are similar.
>>> ans = g1.mean()
>>> print(ans.shape)
(1,)
>>> ans = g1.mean(concentration_b, rate_b)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # `concentration` and `rate` must be passed in during function calls.
>>> ans = g2.mean(concentration_a, rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # Interfaces of 'kl_loss' and 'cross_entropy' are the same:
>>> # Args:
>>> #     dist (str): the type of the distributions. Only "Gamma" is supported.
>>> #     concentration_b (Tensor): the concentration of distribution b.
>>> #     rate_b (Tensor): the rate of distribution b.
>>> #     concentration_a (Tensor): the concentration of distribution a. Default: self._concentration.
>>> #     rate_a (Tensor): the rate of distribution a. Default: self._rate.
>>> # Examples of `kl_loss`. `cross_entropy` is similar.
>>> ans = g1.kl_loss('Gamma', concentration_b, rate_b)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> ans = g1.kl_loss('Gamma', concentration_b, rate_b, concentration_a, rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # Additional `concentration` and `rate` must be passed in.
>>> ans = g2.kl_loss('Gamma', concentration_b, rate_b, concentration_a, rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # Examples of `sample`.
>>> # Args:
>>> #     shape (tuple): the shape of the sample. Default: ()
>>> #     concentration (Tensor): the concentration of the distribution. Default: self._concentration.
>>> #     rate (Tensor): the rate of the distribution. Default: self._rate.
>>> ans = g1.sample()
>>> print(ans.shape)
(1,)
>>> ans = g1.sample((2,3))
>>> print(ans.shape)
(2, 3, 1)
>>> ans = g1.sample((2,3), concentration_b, rate_b)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(2, 3, 3)
>>> ans = g2.sample((2,3), concentration_a, rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(2, 3, 3)
property concentration

Return the concentration, also know as the alpha of the Gamma distribution, after casting to dtype.

property rate

Return the rate, also know as the beta of the Gamma distribution, after casting to dtype.