mindspore.nn.probability.distribution.Exponential

class mindspore.nn.probability.distribution.Exponential(rate=None, seed=None, dtype=mstype.float32, name="Exponential")[source]

Example class: Exponential Distribution.

Parameters
  • rate (float, list, numpy.ndarray, Tensor) – The inverse scale.

  • seed (int) – The seed used in sampling. The global seed is used if it is None. Default: None.

  • dtype (mindspore.dtype) – The type of the event samples. Default: mstype.float32.

  • name (str) – The name of the distribution. Default: ‘Exponential’.

Supported Platforms:

Ascend GPU

Note

rate must be strictly greater than 0. dist_spec_args is rate. dtype must be a float type because Exponential distributions are continuous.

Examples

>>> import mindspore
>>> import mindspore.nn as nn
>>> import mindspore.nn.probability.distribution as msd
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> # To initialize a Exponential distribution of the probability 0.5.
>>> e1 = msd.Exponential(0.5, dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> # An Exponential distribution can be initialized without arguments.
>>> # In this case, `rate` must be passed in through `args` during function calls.
>>> e2 = msd.Exponential(dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> # Here are some tensors used below for testing
>>> value = Tensor([1, 2, 3], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> rate_a = Tensor([0.6], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> rate_b = Tensor([0.2, 0.5, 0.4], dtype=mindspore.float32)
>>> # Private interfaces of probability functions corresponding to public interfaces, including
>>> # `prob`, `log_prob`, `cdf`, `log_cdf`, `survival_function`, and `log_survival`, are the same as follows.
>>> # Args:
>>> #     value (Tensor): the value to be evaluated.
>>> #     rate (Tensor): the rate of the distribution. Default: self.rate.
>>> # Examples of `prob`.
>>> # Similar calls can be made to other probability functions
>>> # by replacing `prob` by the name of the function.
>>> ans = e1.prob(value)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # Evaluate with respect to distribution b.
>>> ans = e1.prob(value, rate_b)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # `rate` must be passed in during function calls.
>>> ans = e2.prob(value, rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # Functions `mean`, `sd`, 'var', and 'entropy' have the same arguments as follows.
>>> # Args:
>>> #     rate (Tensor): the rate of the distribution. Default: self.rate.
>>> # Examples of `mean`. `sd`, `var`, and `entropy` are similar.
>>> ans = e1.mean() # return 2
>>> print(ans.shape)
()
>>> ans = e1.mean(rate_b) # return 1 / rate_b
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # `rate` must be passed in during function calls.
>>> ans = e2.mean(rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(1,)
>>> # Interfaces of `kl_loss` and `cross_entropy` are the same.
>>> # Args:
>>> #     dist (str): The name of the distribution. Only 'Exponential' is supported.
>>> #     rate_b (Tensor): the rate of distribution b.
>>> #     rate_a (Tensor): the rate of distribution a. Default: self.rate.
>>> # Examples of `kl_loss`. `cross_entropy` is similar.
>>> ans = e1.kl_loss('Exponential', rate_b)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> ans = e1.kl_loss('Exponential', rate_b, rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # An additional `rate` must be passed in.
>>> ans = e2.kl_loss('Exponential', rate_b, rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(3,)
>>> # Examples of `sample`.
>>> # Args:
>>> #     shape (tuple): the shape of the sample. Default: ()
>>> #     probs1 (Tensor): the rate of the distribution. Default: self.rate.
>>> ans = e1.sample()
>>> print(ans.shape)
()
>>> ans = e1.sample((2,3))
>>> print(ans.shape)
(2, 3)
>>> ans = e1.sample((2,3), rate_b)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(2, 3, 3)
>>> ans = e2.sample((2,3), rate_a)
>>> print(ans.shape)
(2, 3, 1)
property rate

Return rate of the distribution after casting to dtype.